New zealand chinese

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[edit] New Zealand Chinese.

The Early Arrivals

Wong Ahpoo Hock Ting aka Appo Hocton arrived in Nelson in 1842, naturalised 1852 and had established a cartage business.

A Chinaman, who had made a small fortune market gardening in Palmerston and left for his native land four years ago, has returned, says the Standard. He informed a local resident that he found it impossible to find rest for the sole of his foot in Flowery Land after his colonial experience, and ho had made up his mind that nothing would induce him to try the experiment again, as he was quite satisfied to pass the rest of his days in New Zealand. Taranaki Herald 20 September 1893

An early business man in Wanganui advertises: "WONG SING begs to announce that he has commenced business in the above premises, and hopes that his old customers and the public generally will not forget him. Meals at all hour. Fresh Oysters by every boat to be obtained in plate, kit, and bottle. Remember the Address— CITY REFRESHMENT ROOMS, Close To Wanganni Bridge." Wanganui Herald, Volume XXVII, Issue 8203, 21 June 1893, Page 4


THE PROPOSED MARKET GARDEN A meeting of the Anti-Chinese League was held in the Exchange Buildings last evening, Mr. A. Collins in the chair. The offer of Mr. Frank Moore to give the use of a piece of land at Johnsonvillo rent free for two years for the purposes of a market garden was considered. The Seoretary stated that he and Mrs. Tasker and Miss Lee had visited the land, which was situatod about three-quarters of a mile from Johnsonville, and he was of opinion that it was totally unsuitable for a garden. Mr. Moore said that Chinamen had offered to lease the land for market garden purposes, and he believed that it would be found suitable for vegetable-growing. Papers Past - Evening Post

The Chinese in New Zealand.

The Chinese enumerated at the census of April, 1896, numbered 3711 against 4444 in 1891, a decrease of 16-49 per cent. Of the number in 1896, 3685 were males and 26 females. Of the males 88 were returned as married. The number of the Chinese under 14 was 14 males and 11 females. Thesenumbers do not include the issue of unions between Chinese males and European females. The occupations show 2162 goldminers, 527 market and other gardeners, with 129 assistants, 91 greegrocers, and 38 assistants, 94 shop or storekeepers, and 30 assistants, 59 laborers, 43 hotel servants, 31 vegetable, 27 general, and 25 fish hawkers, 30 laundrymen and women, 30 domestic servants, 29 lodginghouse keepers, 27 cooks (not domestic), 24 farm labourers, 19 eating house keepers, 19 grocers, with 21 assistants, 16 fishermen, 11 merchants with 6 assistants, 7 drapers and 1 assistant. Amongst various others in small numbers each, are returned 1 law clerk, 2 missionaries, 5 medical men, 1 dentist, 1 chemist, 1 interpreter, 2 bankers, 1 opium seller. Three of the Chinese were inmates of hospitals, and 3 others of benevolent asylums. While 22 were lunatics, only 2 were prisoners in gaol. Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 3455, 26 January 1897, Page 2

The Chinese of this district, who have on many occasions acted in a very generous manner to the Wellington Hospital, have given another evidence of their liberality to the institution in the form of a donation of £49 9s, made up as follows : —Collected by W. Hong Kew—W. Hong Kew, £3 3s; Loong Key, 10s 6d; Ming Seen, 5s; total £3 18s 6d. Collected by Sing Kee—Sing Kee and Co., £5 5s; Lum Kee (Masterton) and Quin Kee (Danevirke) £3 3s each; Thomas Chang Luke, Bing Kee (Ohingaite), Yee Lee, Sing On Kee, Tong Wah, Louis Kitt, Chung Tuck, Ah See, Hong Chong, Chong Kee, Wing Kee, Ah Poy, Jim Lee, £1 1s- each; Joe Way, How Kee, Fou Lee, and Wong Low, 10s 6d each; Gam Tong, and Gee Fun, 10s each; Qui Lee, 5s; Lee Toy, 4s. Total £28 15s. Collected by Wong She — Wong She, £5 5s; Wang Sing (Featherston), Wong Qine Kee (Carterton), Yee Wah, Hop Lee, Wong Wah, Wong Tong, G. Wah Kee, Wong Noo Chay,£l Is each; Long Hong Gett, Wong Koon, Fain Lee, Mow Lee, Sing Lee, and Sing Shing* 10s 6d each. Total, £16 16s. Grand total, £49 9s. - Evening Post, Volume LIII, Issue 81, 6 April 1897, Page 4

26 October 1887 Ah Lin and Ah Chew, two Chinese gardeners in Wellington, were fined Is each, with costs, tor carrying on tbeir trade as gardeners within view of thepublic on Sunday, the 16th. If they put up a high paling fence, they can avoid further persecution for Sabbath-breaking. "Papers Past Hawera & Normanby Star"

List of Chinamen - Presbyterian Church Port Chalmers : Otago Witness, Issue 2866, 17 February 1909, Page 34 CHILDRENS BREAD FUND. Additional amounts received by Mr Breen : — Collection Presbyterian Church, Port Chalmers, £15 16s;

List of Chinamen - Dunedin Residents : Otago Witness, Issue 2698, 29 November 1905, Page 67 DUNEDIN HOSPITAL EXTENSION FUND. We have received from Mr Wong Tape a cheque for £25 3s 6d, collected from Chinese residents, for the Hospital Extension Fund

The Chinese monopoly of the retail fruit business in Wellington would appear to be disappearing, according to what Mr A. L. Hunt, manager of the Farmers' Distributing Company, told a meeting of shareholders during his recent visit to Nelson (says the local Evening Mail). For years this monopoly was so powerful that it was almost impossible for a European to stand against it. Apparently the Wellington people Have rebelled to a great extent against the Chinese monopoly, and now bestow their custom on Europeans, for Mr Hunt stated that out of 52 fruiterers and greengrocers forming the Wellington Retail Fruiterers* and Greengrocers' Association, only 11 were Chinese. Otago Witness, Issue 2703, 3 January 1906, Page 9 - Papers Past

20 November 1908 - Ten Chinese were charged at the Auckland Police Court "that on Sunday, October 18, at Avondale, they did work at their trade of market gardening." The men were not doing ordinary gardening, but pulling carrots for supplying a ship next morning. They admitted that there had been a technical breach. Sergeant Hendry, who appeared for the prosecution, said that at Avondale there were European as well as Chinese gardeners, and the former were in the habit of working six days per week and the latter seven days per week. The Chinese had previously been cautioned, and he submitted that the Court should "show these aliens that they must comply with the laws of the Dominion." The Bench fined each defendant £1, and costs 13s - "Papers Past Hawera & Normanby Star"

CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL FUND. List of Chinamen - Wellington - 1910

SUBSCRIPTIONS BY CHINESE RESIDENTS. Following are the contributions by the Chinese residents to tho Hospital Fund :— The Chinese Association, £6 6s ; Yee Chong Wing, £5 5s ; Joe Lee Bros, and Joe Kwong Lee, £4 4s • each ; Sing Kee, Rwong Tiy Chong and Wan Kee Bros., £3 3s edchj Wong She and Co., £2 10s; Hop Fook Chong and. Co., Chow Poo Bros, and Kee Chong, £2 2s each ; Louis Lock, Sue Gow, Joe You Wah, Ngan Gee Wing Bros., Kirn Sing, Joe Gott, Sam Kee and Co, Young Gee Bros., Fon Lee, Young How, Wong Young Chong, Wong Koon, Wah Lee, On Lee Jang, Wong Tong Fet, Kwong Mang Lee, Hee Chong, Jim Lee, Low Hop Kee, Sun On Tie, Chung Lee, Loeng Chaeng, Ah Poy, Fook Lee, Tom Hong, Hop Tai, Ying Lee, Wong Wah (Molesworth-street), Loeng Wah, Sun Young Kee, Kwong On, Yee Lee (fruiterer), Ah Gee Bros., Louis Kitt, Wing Lee, Ngan Kee, Joe Guy, Tin Lee, Kern Lee, Kwong Lee, Fuen Lee, Wong Loeng, Gee Wing Bros., Tung Lee and Quong Hop, £1 ls each ; Gee Hop, Sun on Kee, Wong Wah (Lambtonquay), Wong Kong and You Lee, £1 each ; Sing Lee, Lum . Chan, ifoung Mang, Wong Wey, Joe Wey, Joe Quick, Joe Jick, jhing Yin (Petone), Wong Too (Petone), Lueng Kee, Ngan Lee, Yee Lee (laundry), Young Wing On, and Sue Sun Sen, 10s 6d each ; Sun Tai Wah, Wong Lee, Chew Lee, Chow Kee, Kong Lee, Willis Chong, Lock Lim, Joe Pow, Chaeng Lee, Sam Loong, Young Jung, Yee Hing, Chow Youk Quin, Yee Kee, On Kee, Loeng Wai, Louis Sum, Young Wah Chong, Chow Fook Young, Loo Kee, Low Leo (Lower Hutt), Chow Yin, Low Kirn Youk, Sue Tong and Chow Yum, 10s each ; Dye Kum Shei, Wong Shah Chew, Yee Wing, Low Wing Laong, Chok Quirk Kong, Low Kuem, Joo Sheck Guy, Kong You, Ngan Chew, Louis Ping, Jir Hong, Jir Jim, Jir Que, Yep Lee, Joe Kee, You Kee, Mow Lee, Ngan Chairm, Kwong Shang, Kong Dick, Jir Gow, Joe Keun Keg, Joe Gow, Joe Chong, Cheong Young, Joe Ling, Shoon Chew Young, Moat Young, Joe Pow, Ngan Peng, Young Ping, Foeung Choeng, Low Tong, Joo Quin, Yep Kum Ling, Sheck Lorn, Sue Cook Ling, Sung Lee, Kong Young, Joe Kum You, Tom Kong/ Lock Koy Fei, Joe Chaene; Gee, Joe Shew and Tong Shing, 5s each ; Some Ling, 3s ; Gee Gee, 3s 6d; Sue Ha, Chaeng Tres, Kow Kee, Wong Louis, Young Ding, Sue Shen, Chow Youk, Ngan Gow, Yee Sook Wah, Joo Tong, Kong Loong, Kong Houk, Sue Wing, Yuen Young, Chow Young, Young Chee, Joe Shing, Young Lee, 2s 6d each. Total, £123 9s. It has been represented to us that Joe Lee, Courtenay-place, should be mentioned as one of tho collectors of the above list. Evening Post, Volume LXXX, Issue 38, 13 August 1910, Page 7


The Cavensham Project

Interviews by Local Residents on Their memories of the Chinese.


[edit] Steven Young

His website is a popular one with lots of information for researchers.

The First Chinese Refugees

The First arrived in New Zealand between 1938 to 1941. This was the period where many women and children arrived to join their men folk here. Life was difficult for the women, who had to learn another language, and live a life far different from home.

Shipping Lists show many families arriving in both the port of Wellington and Auckland.

The Chinese who came were mainly from the Canton area - and were Cantonese speakers. Many were from Zengcheng. The government allowed the families to come here, with the intention of them returning to China in 2 years. A photo of a group of women and children is in the New Zealand Herald on the 11 October 1939. The people in the photo were the Chan family from the Hargee Village, Jung Seng, China.They joined their men folk who were in Auckland. This group came with the assistance of profesional men associated with Wah Jang in Queen Street, Auckland.

Zengcheng New Zealanders edited by Professor Henry Chan was written in 2006 to celebrate the 80th anniversary of the Tung Jung Association in New Zealand. Book Review by Gilbert Wong in on the Listener website.;jsessionid=DC479AC726731064ED152666EAEC4623

Overseas Chinese Cemeteries

The Chinese Served in the Armed Forces

Tung Jung Association

New Zealand Chinese Association

Rising Dragon, Soaring bananas

[edit] TARANAKI CHINESE --NZBC 21:45, 7 March 2009 (NZDT)--NZBC 21:45, 7 March 2009 (NZDT)--NZBC 21:45, 7 March 2009 (NZDT)--NZBC 21:45, 7 March 2009 (NZDT)

Photographic record provides insight into Chinese community's heritage Finbarr Bunting - Sunday Star Times Last updated 05:00 29/03/2009

THOMAS WONG DOO III smiles as he shuffles into his living room. He says he usually stays in his pyjamas until midday, to avoid getting too tired during the day, but right now he's wearing blue suit pants and a white shirt. There is brilliant sunshine outside, warming his home in its quiet Auckland street. The 84-year-old sits down, points to a family tree he has laid out on a cluttered coffee table, and reflects a little on his life.

"An old person can actually give a young person some blessings, and some luck, and he did that for me I've been so lucky." Wong Doo reclines in his chair as he looks more closely at one of the photos. "I was certainly the apple of his eye. He doted on me and I've got a great deal of respect for him."

The photo is of his grandfather, Thomas Wong Doo, who emigrated to New Zealand from China in 1884 with his two brothers. It shows a finely dressed man sitting on a cane chair, wearing a blazer and waistcoat, with a huge boutonniere on the left lapel of his blazer.

Portraits of 45 Chinese immigrants from the turn of the last century have recently been released on the National Archives of New Zealand website. It might seem unusual for immigrants from that time to sit for formal studio portraits, but the photographs were taken as part of the immigration policy and controversial poll tax of the time.

The Chinese Immigrants Act of 1881 was the initial legislation that sought to regulate Chinese immigration.

In 1896 the Poll Tax had been increased from 10 to 100 under an amendment to the Chinese Immigrants Act 1881. This meant that from 1900 onwards, any Chinese person leaving New Zealand to travel overseas temporarily was required to fill in a form with two photographs and their thumb prints. Upon their return they were required to deposit a 100 poll-tax until proof of identification and the original payment of poll-tax was confirmed.

Wong Doo's descendants were excited to rediscover their family history when contacted by the Sunday Star-Times.

Wong Doo III remembers seeing the portrait of his grandfather many years ago, but had all but forgotten about it.

His grandfather travelled to China in 1898 to marry a woman called Chan Unui. He returned to New Zealand soon after but would visit his young family he had a daughter and two sons born in China, one of them Thomas Wong Doo II every few years, including in 1902, when the photo was taken.

Wong Doo III says his grandfather worked as a market gardener in Auckland before becoming a business and community leader. The area he farmed, a stretch of earth on the corner of Auckland's Surrey Cres and Great North Rd, bears the name Chinaman's Hill, in his honour.

Wong Doo III recalls a childhood spent in his grandfather's shop on Auckland's Victoria St, a haven for the burgeoning Chinese community and home for his grandfather's family.

"We lived on Victoria St where we had the store. At that time my grandfather was a banker for the Chinese, he looked after all their private affairs. My mother and grandmother used to mend the clothes of the market gardeners. Ad Feedback

"Up to the 1930s there were very few Chinese women allowed in New Zealand, the immigration laws were very strict. It was unofficial, but that was virtually it."

Gambling and playing mahjong were popular pastimes for the Chinese and Wong Doo III remembers the older Chinese in particular. "I used to bring the tea out and can still remember the guys smoking from bamboo pipes. There was a big pipe, filled with water, and a little tube. They would light the tobacco and as it was drawn it would be cooled by the water.

"We were humble people, we didn't have much money, and we lived in the back of shops for a long time because when you don't have that sort of money you live that way. It wasn't until the third generation, my generation, that we started living in houses."

He recalls some racism when he was growing up in Auckland in the 1920s and 1930s, but he doesn't blame the local population because, he says, they didn't know any better. "If a strange person from another race came into their country, of course they would feel a little suspicious, but I have to say this, we proved ourselves."

Wong Doo III says his grandfather left an indelible impression on him. "There were seven-year age differences between my father and uncles, and because I was the eldest son, of the eldest son, I seemed to have more leadership. Grandfather looked upon me as another son.

"We've been lucky. The trait that is in Chinese is that the stepping stone for success is through education of the children. You see that in the markets and the fruit shops, they will work themselves to death to put their children through school."

Wong Doo III is still active. He is a recently retired chairman of Auckland's Chinese Community Centre, and continued the tradition of helping out other Chinese and the wider community, just as his grandfather did, more than 100 years ago.

To view the Chinese portraits, go to and clock on the "Dunedin Gallery" link.

Chinese Digital Community Auckland Library

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